Florida Legislature Passes Bill Banning Gender-Transition Care for Minors

The Florida Legislature, which ended its annual two-month session in Tallahassee on Friday, also sent to Mr. DeSantis’s desk bills punishing businesses that admit minors to “adult live performances” such as drag shows; prohibiting public school employees from calling students pronouns other than those matching their gender at birth; and making it a misdemeanor trespassing offense for people to use bathrooms in public buildings that do not correspond to their sex at birth.

The Legislature defined “adult live performances” in part as those depicting or simulating “nudity, sexual conduct, sexual excitement or specific sexual activities,” or “the lewd exposure of prosthetic or imitation genitals or breasts.”

Republicans hold supermajorities in both the State House and Senate.

Last month, the Florida Board of Education expanded through 12th grade a prohibition on classroom instruction about sexual orientation and gender identity. The law, called Parental Rights in Education and referred to by critics as “Don’t Say Gay,” applied only to kindergarten through third-grade classrooms when it was enacted last year.

At least 13 states have passed laws or policies in recent months to ban or significantly limit the use of puberty blockers, cross-sex hormones and gender-transition surgery for people under 18. Officials in Idaho, Indiana, Montana, Oklahoma and North Dakota enacted new policies since the beginning of April, and lawmakers in more states, including Nebraska and Texas, have been considering similar limits.

The L.G.B.T.Q. advocacy organization GLAAD has already sued Florida over the state health board’s prohibition of what experts call gender-affirming care.

“Even among the crowded field of extreme and damaging bans on best practice, age-appropriate health care, this bill stands out as particularly meanspirited,” the Human Rights Campaign, another advocacy group, said in a statement after the bill’s passage on Thursday, calling it “an extreme, unprecedented attack on transgender people, their health care and the families and health care providers who care for them.”

Florida’s focus on gender issues has also prompted rebukes from well-known figures. Dwyane Wade, the former star of the N.B.A.’s Miami Heat, recently revealed that he moved out of the state because his family “would not be accepted or feel comfortable there.” His teenage daughter is transgender.

And Lewis Hamilton, the seven-time Formula One champion, said on Thursday that he would race in the Miami Grand Prix on Sunday with a rainbow on his helmet to protest the state’s measures.

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